The Society of Pius IX

Our Bishops

From the by-laws:

Bishops of the Society serve at the pleasure of the Rector and the Board of Directors. The ministry of the bishop is a ministry of servanthood and humility: bishops are called to be “servants of the servants of God” (Pope Gregory I), and the role of the bishops of the Society is to love the clergy and religious of the Society and to sacrifice themselves for them. The apostolic orders that bishops have received are not a private gift intended to set bishops above other men in such a manner as if they should be unaccountable to the Church; on the contrary, these apostolic orders are a gift entrusted to the congregation of the elect as a whole, and to the Society as a part of that congregation of the elect, and bishops are called to place themselves and their apostolic orders at the service of the Society as a part of the congregation of the elect. Only bishops who accept this understanding of the function of episcopal ministry will be admitted to the Society, and bishops acting otherwise than in accordance with this understanding of episcopal ministry will be subject to the penalties set forth in Article IX.


N.B. Bishops of the Society are addressed as "Father." In order to protect the Society against potential hegemonic tendencies among members in episcopal orders, the by-laws of the corporation stipulate that only two of the seven members of the Board of Directors may hold episcopal orders.


Father Richard P. Cumming, OCR

Rector of the Society of Pius IX

Father Richard Cumming comes from Glasgow, Scotland. He graduated from the University of Glasgow with a First Class Honors degree in Theology and from Union Theological Seminary in the City of New York with a Master of Sacred Theology (with Distinction). Father Cumming has over a dozen academic awards in the field of Christian Theology. Father also has various academic publications in the fields of Theological Anthropology, Apologetics, and Philosophy of Religion.

Father Cumming was ordained to the diaconate and sacred priesthood in 2015. At the request of the bishops of the Order of Corporate Reunion, Father Cumming accepted consecration to the episcopate on November 14th, 2020, on the 236th anniversary of the Bestowal of the American Episcopate upon Samuel Seabury in 1784.

His principal consecrator was The Rt. Rev'd. Michael J. Kline, Universal Primate of the Order of Corporate Reunion and Auxiliary Bishop of the Society of Pius IX.














Father Michael J. Kline, OCR

Auxiliary Bishop of the Society of Pius IX

Father Michael Kline comes from Pennsylvania. He holds a B.Sc. from Regents College, University of the State of New York, a Doctor of Chiropractic from Cleveland Chiropractic College, in Kansas City, Missouri, and a D.D. (hc.) from Raphael University, also in Kansas City, Missouri. He was ordained to the diaconate in 1998 and to the sacred priesthood in 2004. He was consecrated to the episcopate in 2006.

His principal consecrator was Patriarch Yuri I of the Belarusian Slavic Orthodox Church Abroad, who was consecrated by Patriarch Peter Zhurawetsky, a Member of the Orthodox Standing Episcopal Conference recognized by the Patriarch of Constantinople.

His first co-consecrator was Peter Paul Brennan who was consecrated by Emmanuel Milingo, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Lusaka.

His second co-consecrator was Francis Spataro, who was consecrated by Bertil Persson. Bertil Persson was consecrated to the episcopate by Francisco Pagtakhan in 1988 to minister to Filipino congregations in northern Europe. Along with Albert Chambers, Francisco Pagtakhan consecrated the four founding bishops of the churches founded pursuant to the Affirmation of St. Louis in 1978.

Along with the other senior bishops of the Order of Corporate Reunion, Father Kline took initiative for the incorporation of the Order of Corporate Reunion in the State of Missouri in 2010.

The Order of Corporate Reunion is an Anglo-Papalist society founded in 1874 and approved in 1877 by His Holiness Pope Pius IX to promote the reconciliation of the Anglican and Roman Catholic Churches. In 2016, Father Kline succeeded Peter Paul Brennan as Universal Primate of the Order of Corporate Reunion. In 2021, Father Kline appointed Father Cumming as Coadjutor Universal Primate of the Order of Corporate Reunion.

See www.orderofcorporatereunion.com for further details.

The consecration of Father Michael J. Kline, St. Lucy's Old Roman Catholic Cathedral, New York City, 2006